1st polio case reported in US in practically a decade detected in New York state
The primary case of polio reported within the U.S. in practically a decade was detected in New York state, well being officers mentioned Thursday.
The case is in a resident of Rockland County, the state well being division mentioned.
State well being officers mentioned sequencing decided that the newly detected case is an occasion of vaccine-derived polio. The oral polio vaccine comprises a weakened model of the polio virus that may be excreted in stool and transmitted.
That vaccine has not been administered within the U.S. since 2000, suggesting that the virus could have originated someplace exterior the U.S., well being officers mentioned.
The Rockland County polio affected person is a younger grownup whose signs started a month in the past, in accordance with public well being officers in Rockland County. The particular person is not contagious however has suffered some paralysis. It’s unknown whether or not that will likely be everlasting.
The contaminated particular person contracted polio via publicity to somebody who was inoculated with the oral vaccine. The affected person didn’t journey exterior of the nation, so the publicity was right here, mentioned well being officers, who at the moment are investigating whether or not there are any shut contacts of the affected person who’re in danger. There are not any different suspected instances right now.
Well being officers urged those that are unvaccinated, and oldsters of unvaccinated youngsters, to hunt polio vaccination now.
“The polio vaccine is secure and efficient, defending in opposition to this probably debilitating illness, and it has been a part of the spine of required, routine childhood immunizations advisable by well being officers and public well being businesses nationwide,” State Well being Commissioner Dr. Mary Bassett mentioned in an announcement.
Rockland County will host vaccine clinics on Friday and Monday, the well being division mentioned.
The final recognized case within the U.S. was recorded by the U.S. Facilities for Illness Management and Prevention in 2013, which was additionally an occasion of vaccine-derived polio. The final “wild” case of polio was detected within the U.S. in 1979.
The U.S. makes use of the inactivated polio vaccine, which can’t trigger an infection.
Being vaccinated in opposition to polio protects folks in opposition to each vaccine-derived and “wild” polio.
Polio is a really contagious, probably deadly, virus that may be unfold even when an contaminated particular person has no signs.
Signs, which embrace fatigue, fever, headache, stiffness, muscle ache and vomiting, can take as much as 30 days to look. In uncommon instances, polio could cause paralysis or dying.
“A lot of chances are you’ll be too younger to recollect polio, however once I was rising up, this illness struck concern in households, together with my very own,” Rockland County Government Ed Day mentioned in an announcement. “The truth that it’s nonetheless round many years after the vaccine was created exhibits you simply how relentless it’s. Do the suitable factor in your little one and the higher good of your group and have your little one vaccinated now.”
ABC Information’ Sony Salzman and Aaron Katersky contributed to this report.